Osteoporosis is a condition resulting from loss of collagen and minerals (the components of bone) from bone causing them to become weak and thin and thus increasing the risk of fractures.
Research has shown that the major cause of osteoporosis in IBD is due to:
There is a tendency to fracture bones after minor falls or injuries, especially the hip or wrist. If present in the spine it may cause chronic back pain, loss of height and curvature of the spine (Dowager’s hump)
Several investigations may be carried out to prove the diagnosis. These could include:
Osteoporosis is irreversible once it has started to occur, so the emphasis is on prevention rather than cure. Despite continuing research into the condition, no single remedy is effective in its treatment. It is imperative that bones be allowed to develop to their fullest potential during their growth period and steps are taken to minimise mineral loss once this process has finished.